Facts about Slovakia

Central Europe


Parliamentary republic




49,035 sq km

CET / GMT+1.00


Košice Region

Seat Košice
Area: 6,751.9 km²
Population: 771,947
Density: 114 /km²
Districts: 11

Košice region is situated in the eastern part of Slovakia and is divided into 11 districts: Košice I, II, III, IV and V, Košice countryside, Gelnica, Michalovce, Rožňava, Sobrance, Spišská Nová Ves a Trebišov. It includes historical areas of Abov, Gemer, soutern part of Spiš and Zemplín. The region is bordering with Hungary in the south and Ukraine in the east.

Natural Conditions of Košice Region

Košice District has very variable terrain, mainly due to its complex geological structure. Slovak Ore Mountains rich in caves and karst formations and Volovské Mountains with important magnesite and iron deposits form the western part of the region. Eastern Slovak Lowland lines the East side and Vihorlat Mountains the northern side of the district. Eastern Slovak Lowland is separated from Košice Basin by volcanic Slánske and Zemplínske mountain ranges. Due to the significant altitude differences, one can find three climate zones on such a small territory. Lowlands fall into the warm climate zone, basins into the temperate one and the mountainous regions into the cold one. Košice District is lined by many rivers. They all belong to the Tisza River watershed. Bodrog River with its tributaries Latorica, Uh and Ondava rivers drain the eastern part of the district. Hornád, Bodva and Slaná rivers drain its western part. Zemplínska Šírava Dam lying near Michalovce is a popular water sports destination also used for watering neighbouring territories. Ružín Dam serves like hydroelectric power plant - it has an important economic contribution on the region. Bukovec Dam is a great reservoir of drinkable water. Košice District is rich in mineral and geothermal water springs (Baldovce, Štos). The complex geological structure reflects also in the soil composition: brown, black and clay soils, brown forest soils in mountainous regions, rendzinas on limestone. Many important national parks form part of the district. The most important are: Slovak Paradise, Slovak Karst, Latorica and Vihorlat Protected Landscape Areas.

Košice region is divided into 7 districts including 4 cities.

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